国家游泳中心冬奥会冰壶场地室内环境设计及研究
地点:北京
规模:87,283平方米
时间:2015
The Indoor Environment Design and Research of The Olympic Winter Curling Games in National Swimming Center
Site: Beijing City
Area: 87,283 sqm
Year: 2015
2022年冬奥会和残冬奥会期间,水立方将成为男女冰壶、轮椅冰壶的比赛场馆。届时,比赛大厅将建起4条赛道,每条长44.5米,宽4.32米,两侧将有 4500个座位,2016年起,水立方将开始改造,要求既能组织冰上赛事,还能承办水上赛事,同时还能承接大型的文娱活动。 目前场馆比赛大厅的暖通空调设计很好地满足了水上运动的建筑热环境要求,但是冰壶场馆、溜冰场、大型室内活动场馆的暖通空调要求和游泳大厅的要求有很大区别,如奥运会和世界冰壶联合会对于冰壶比赛冰面和竞技场的要求是“空调系统都应有能力保证在任何热负荷条件下使距冰面1.5米处的空气温度始终保持在10℃。比赛区域空调系统不能有气流。除湿/加湿系统应该有足够的能力以确保内部露点温度在任何一种可能的湿度负荷情况下都可以保持在零下4 ℃”。为了让水立方暖通空调系统同时满足上述不同功能要求,需对游泳中心比赛大厅的暖通空调系统进行设计及研究,要对相关的各区域全年各工况下的冷、热、湿负荷进行模拟计算,对原有暖通空调系统进行复核,并由此重新设计合理的空调形式和分区,再根据设计结果进行CFD模拟,计算给定风量下比赛大厅内的温湿度及风速分布,以此优化设计,确保符合奥运会对场馆的技术要求,并保证游泳中心在奥运比赛及赛后均能实现节能高效运行。

During the Olympic Winter Games and Paralympic Olympic Winter Games in 2022, the water cube will become the men and women curling, wheelchair curling venue. By then, the game hall will be retrofitted into four tracks; each with 44.5 meters long, 4.32 meters wide, and both sides will have 4500 seats in total. The existing HVAC systems of the game hall has met the requirements of indoor thermal environment for water sports, but curling venue’s requirements for Olympic competitions are different with that of swimming pool. Swimming pool has an environment with high temperature and high humidity, however ice rink requires low temperature and dry environment. In order to retrofit the water cube HVAC systems to meet the requirements of curing game, an indoor environmental study is needed to ensure the arena compliance with the Olympic Winter Games and Paralympic Winter Games’ technical requirements.


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